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AIB Releases 4 Final Accident Reports

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…calls on stakeholders to ensure safer skies


The Accident Investigation Bureau (AIB-N) has called on stakeholders within and outside the Aviation Industry to recognise the roles they play in ensuring safer skies in the Nigerian Aviation Industry, as well as partake in activities that would ensure that they fulfil their roles.


Commissioner/CEO AIB-N, Engr. Akin Olateru, made this call while releasing the final investigation reports of four accidents at the Agency’s Headquarters in Abuja, recently.


He noted that these reports were the strong foundation on which the safety of the Aviation Industry is built on, adding that timely release of the reports are critical as accident investigation itself.


Timely reports, according to him had been crucial to the delivery of its mandate of air accidents and serious incidents with the aim of forestalling such occurrence in the future.


On co-operation with allied bodies, he said: ‘’Co-operation and collaboration as a way of ensuring safety cannot be overemphasised. Since I joined AIB-N in 2017, my team and I have been working tirelessly to sign co-operation agreements with other organisations and agencies as a way of ensuring that AIB-N achieves its mandate.


‘’We have successfully signed MoUs with several organisations and agencies and we are still actively seeking collaborations and co-operations agreements with other agencies as a way of delivery of our mandate and improving our operations while ensuring the continued safety of the Nigerian airspace.’’


Olateru reiterated that the Bureau will not relent in its vigorous pursuit of adding values that will up ante of safety in Nigeria and Africa.


While thanking the supervisory ministry (Ministry of Aviation) and the Minister of Aviation, Hadi Sirika, he announced that the current administration has established a system in AIB that is working.


‘’We are committed to swift response to accident and serious incident occurrences through our well-equipped Command and Control Centre.


‘’Accident reporting has also been simplified through our Mobile Application, which we introduced to interface with the public and make it easy for them to communicate with AIB-N digitally,’’ he explained.


The Report

Announcing the accident reports, the AIB-N Boss said the first accident involving the Tampico TB-9 aircraft owned and operated by the Nigeria College of Aviation Technology occurred at Zaria Aerodrome, Kaduna State on 26th September 2018.


Casual factor was identified as late decision to initiate a go-around after touchdown which resulted in loss of directional control of the aircraft after landing while Inappropriate Control inputs during landing roll and intermittent interruptions in training programme was identified as the Contributory factor.


AIB-N made one Safety Recommendation to NCAT to ensure that there will be gaps in student pilots’ training, Policies and Procedures should be put in place in the training proramme so that students are brought up to speed in both theory and practice.


The second report was the accident involving B737-282 aircraft owned and operated by Chachangi Airlines Limited which occurred at Port Harcourt International Airport on 14th July, 2018.


AIB identified two casual factors; the decision to land following an un-estabilised approach (high rate of descent and high approach speed). A go –around was not initiated.


Two contributory factors were identified by the Agency; the deteriorating weather condition with a line squall prevented diversion to alternates. The runway was wet wit significant patches of standing water.


In view of the issuance of Ni.CAR 2009 and revision in 2015, which addressed the areas of shortcomings identified in this investigation, AIB did not make any Safety Recommendation.


The third accident involved a Beechcraft C90 aircraft owned and operated by Shoreline Energy International Limited which occurred at Barakallahu Villa near Old Kaduna (Military) Airport on 24th May, 2011.


Casual factor was identified as inability of the pilot to control the aircraft to landing due to inadequate power to enable the pilot maintain the approach profile (height, speed and glide path) to cover the required distance threshold.


Three contributory factors were identified by AIB: Non-adherence to approved storage procedure; Non-adherence to approved return from storage procedure; Inadequate regulatory oversight by the authority on flight operation and maintenance of foreign registered aircraft in Nigeria.


Four Safety Recommendations were made: The Nigeria Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA) should increase safety oversight on foreign registered general aviation aircraft operating in Nigeria airspace.

NCAA should promulgate detailed regulations/requirements on private category aircraft operations.

NCAA should liaise with Old Kaduna (Military) Airport authorities to ensure that 1000m beyond RWY 23 should be easily accessible in accordance with internationally accepted standard stipulated in ICAO Annex 14.

NCAA should liaise with the Old Kaduna (Military) Airport authorities to ensure that an Airport Emergency Plan (AEP) is developed and maintained in line with Ni. CARs Part 12 (Aerodrome Regulations).


The fourth Report was on the involving B747 -200 aircraft operated by Veteran Avia Airlines limited which occurred at Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport, Abuja on 4th December, 2013.


Casual factor was that the crew was not updated on the information available on the runway length.


The five contributory factors were: Lack of briefing by Saudi dispatcher during pre-flight; Runway status was missing from Abuja ATIS information; Ineffective communication between crew and ATC on short finals; The runway markings and lighting not depicting the displaced threshold; The entire runway was ON beyond the displaced threshold.


Four Safety Recommendations were given: The Nigeria Airspace Management Agency (NAMA) should capture all essential information on the Automatic Terminal Information Services (ATIS).


The Federal Airports Authority of Nigeria (FAAN) should ensure that light at any displaced portion of the runway be switched off so as not to mislead any arriving /landing traffic.


FAAN should ensure that runway obstructions, and/or runway displaced thresholds are marked/lit in accordance with DNAA Airside Operations Manual and Aerodrome Manual sections 4.10.7aand communicated on time through NOTAMS to stakeholders.


Veteran Avia should ensure that its operations are in conformity with the approved procedures  establised in accordance with company manuals.


The release of these four reports brings to a total of 54 final reports since the establishment of AIB in 2007 and a total of 35 final reports have been released since the inception of the current administration of AIB-N.


Also the nine Safety Recommendations make a total of 196 released since the inception of AIB-N and a total of 115 Safety Recommendations released under the current administration.


Olateru promised that the Bureau will further release three Final Reports and two Safety Recommendations to the public before the end of the year.

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