Reports say the Ukrainian conflict has severely affected multimodal transport for Ukrainian exports and imports,
According to a delegate of FIATA Multimodal Transport Institute and member of Working Group Sea, the Ukrainian seaports and ports of the Dnieper River are practically blocked from the sea, while the Danube ports of Reni and Izmail remain open.
These ports, it says are however unable to handle the whole Ukrainian import and export cargo flows due to the conflict, in terms of capacity and due to the caution of foreign carriers.
Most calls are by Ukrainian-flagged vessels, which are currently not allowed to leave the country with Ukrainian male crew members under the age of 65.
The same holds true for the alternative transport by road, which is also more expensive.
According to the report, FIATA has been informed that a multimodal corridor currently exists, with a rail leg in Ukraine, passing through Moldova and entering Romania before ending in Galati (Port Bazinul Nou terminal).
“Port Bazinul Nou could additionally accommodate around 50,000 tonnes of transit cargo at open storage, subject to obtaining permission from the Romanian customs authorities. The Romanian freight forwarders have been actively working at facilitating this with the authorities. The possibility to reach ports on the western European coast through the connection of the Danube inland, with the Main and Rhine rivers, is also noted,
“Finally, there are implications for neighbouring countries including Bulgaria, where there is an increase in requests for moving transit cargo through the land bridge connecting the ports of Varna and Ruse, which has always been considered a potential transit corridor.
“So far, that corridor was not busy enough and regarded only as an alternative in case of overload of the intensively used waterway shortcut through the Cherna Voda – Constanta canal.
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